Opportunities and Challenges to Net Zero Energy Buildings and Renewable Energy in Tropics and Subtropics - A Preliminary Review
This paper aims to discuss the challenges faced by renewable energy technologies in the tropics and subtropics. This is necessary to identify the areas of improvement, in which drastic measures must be taken to increase the production from renewable sources to reduce the environmental strain caused by traditional means of energy production. Furthermore, the impact of climate changes on renewable energy is also discussed. Climate change, itself a product of the over-usage of fossil fuels and greenhouse effect, is threatening to disrupt energy generation from renewable sources. A relatively newer and rapidly growing concept of Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) is also discussed, along with the issues faced by existing buildings as well as the obstacles in the way of its propagation. NZEBs are a vital addition to our architecture and engineering community, as they actively reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Towards the end, some recommendations for further research have been discussed which may help in the alleviation of challenges to the development of renewable energy production systems within the region.
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