Guidelines for Climate Responsive Building Design in Three Regions of Nepal
A climate responsive building makes the greatest use of climatic elements to reduce energy use for heating and cooling. Based on topography and distinct climatic features, Nepal is broadly classified into three climatic regions: subtropical, temperate and cold. With the introduction of modern construction technologies in the country, the building sector has adopted uniform design and building techniques which is neglecting local climate in all over the Nepal. In this research climatic data of sub tropical region, temperate region and cold region has been collected and analyzed with the help of bioclimatic chart and Mahoney table. In sub-tropical region, most of the months are relatively hot and provision of air movement while designing a building is strongly recommended. In temperate region, most of the months are relatively cool and passive solar heating strategies are recommended. It is also better to have the provision of air movement as few months (May to September) are hot. Cold region has severe cold climate and passive solar heating strategies are strongly recommended to incorporate in the design. These building design recommendations can be helpful for planners and architects to make general decisions at early design stage to develop more climate responsive buildings.
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